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Ciliate Basics

Ciliate Introduction

Ciliates are a phylum of protozoans noted for their hairy appearance. The hair-like organelles are called cilia. The cilia provide a means of aquatic locomotion for the organism to find food and avoid dangerous environments.



Ciliate nuclei


Ciliates have two or more nuclei. Usually, there is one large macronucleus (MAC) and at least one smaller micronucleus (MIC).

Ciliate genes and proteins


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